13 x 13 x 5 Fixed Gantry Machine

13x13 Fixed Gantry Machine
13x13 Fixed Gantry CNC Machine.

Designed to be as simple and inexpensive as possible.

  • Easy to build
  • Low Cost
  • All homecenter parts
  • Built with basic tools
All materials in this table were purchased from the local Lowes, with the exception of the drives and steppers. The cost of the homecenter components was ~$120.

The plans include step by step written directions with photos and dimensioned drawings of the components.

13 x 13 CNC Machine
Made of 1x4 and 2x4 boards.
The machine uses basic materials with a minimum of waste.

Its body is made of a 2x4 and a 1x4 that are cut to length and drilled.
Most cuts are cross-cuts, and all wood cuts can be made with a small chop, miter, or hand saw. A table saw is not needed to build this machine.

The rails are all cut from three 36 inch steel rods with no scrap. The metal components can be cut with a hacksaw.

Tool list (on FAQ Page)

Materials list.pdf

Alternative 13x13
Simple flexible design.

The table bed can be made of a 15 x 15 inch piece of plywood, MDF, or plastic.
One prototype, shown here, used a $7.00 plastic kitchen cutting board instead of wood for the table bed. This illustrates the simplicity and flexibility of the machine's design.

Inexpensive off-the-shelf metal clamps and straps are used to hold parts in place. Simple adjustment systems are incorporated into the machine's design.

The machine has a 13 x 13 x 5+ inch cutting volume, but it has a footprint of only 18 x 25 inches.

Cut with 13x13
Pattern carved with the 13 x 13.

This table uses sleeve bearings (bronze bushings) on unsupported rails, unlike the other Solsylva machines, which use 608 bearings on supported rails.
Therefore, this 13 x 13 table is unable to cut as aggressively. It is still capable of supporting a trim router, though the router will not be pushed to its potential.
The machine easily supports a Dremel roto tool.

The work shown here was cut with a trim router and vee bit. It is MDF that is 4 x 4 inches.
Because of this table’s small size and light weight, it is able to rapid at speeds faster than the larger leadscrew tables while using the same steppers, drives and low cost leadscrews.
The prototypes achieved rapids over 50 ipm with All Thread leadscrews that were driven by the HobbyCNC 200 oz.in. system.

The machine can use larger steppers and drives.
The Xylotex 269, 425, and HobbyCNC 305 oz. in. systems can be recycled into all of the other Solsylva machines. Therefore, this machine can be built as an introduction to CNC, and the electrical components can later be reused in other machines.

This machine is sized in imperial units because it is built of off-the-shelf USA home center parts.
These plans do not include directions for the software and electronics because the suppliers cover this information for their own products.
These plans do give directions for deriving the Step per Inch values that are needed to configure the software for these machines.
The machines were all designed to use NEMA 23 stepper and drive components such as those from Geckodrive, Xylotex and HobbyCNC.
Mach3 and TurboCNC are popular controller software options. Other software and motor suppliers can be used.
The above vendors work with the Do It Yourself market and have help forums and documentation.
Clicking a Buy Now button in the table below will forward you to PayPal via the downloading service.

The Digital Download page gives more information about downloading the plans.

You do not need a PayPal account to use a credit card with PayPal.
These plans are included in the 25x25 and the 24x48 plans.

They are also in the 13x13 & 10x9 plans set,
the three plans set, and the all five CNC plans bundle.
13x13 Plan
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The file size is 4,382 KB (4.4 MB)
The file name is 13x13_plans.pdf

13x13 & 10x9 Plans
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The size is 9,631 KB (9.7 MB)
The file name is 13x13_10x9.pdf


All five CNC plans
digitally delivered as one PDF.

Five Plans
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The size is 32,351 KB (32.4 MB)
The file name is 5_plans.pdf